More than anything else, Ilocos Sur is popular for its well preserved historic sites and artifacts. Among which, the historic city of Vigan was included in the UNESCO’s World Heritage list, not only due to excellent preservation but also of continued functionality of buildings, structures, houses, furniture, and other items which were originally created since the arrival of Spanish rulers in the 1600s.
Ilocos Sur is a rural province located north of Metro Manila. Early in its history, it is one of the hubs or settlements of Spanish military and migrants who later built their large stone houses and government offices. When gazed on a map, the entire province can be seen as a long stretch of coastal towns and cities. It lies on the western part of the Luzon Island facing the West Philippine Sea (formerly South China Sea). Because of this consideration, early locals were observed to establish communities near the small bays which they term as “looc”. Spaniards then call these inhabitants Ylocos from which, its current name was derived.
Unlike any other province, Ilocos Sur has remarkably preserved the Spanish heritage and tradition in the country. Century old churches, houses, other structures, and items, are still standing and serving their purpose.
Beautiful parks, museums, and nature spots abound, and aside from the famed Vigan century city, a new attraction, the Baluarte, provides a seemingly Safari adventure with its collection of wild animals. The Iloco food and delicacies are great too.
Aside from tourism, agriculture and fishery are the largest income-producing industries for the people. The province is one of the main tobacco producing areas in the country, supplier of cotton and tiger grass, rice, and all other local crops, fruits, and vegetables. It is currently comprised of 2 cities and 32 municipalities.